From Rutherford Model to Quantum Mechanics

History of Chemistry II (Taken liberally from: Wikipedia)


Atomic Orbitals
YearScientistExperimentMisc.
1600's Christiaan Huygens
(1629-1695)
Wave Theory of Light Wrote the first book on Probability Theory
Early formulation of Newtons Second Law of Motion
Invented Pendulum Clock
1600's Sir Isaac Newton
(1642-1727)
Corpuscular (Particle) Theory of Light "Greatest and most influential scientist to ever live
Classical Mechanics - Gravity and 3 Laws of Motion
Worked on differential and integral calculus
Warden of the Royal Mint
1800-1900's Anders Jonas Ångström - Original Discovery
(1814-1874)
Line Spectra
1901 Max Planck
(1858-1947)
Black Body Radiation

Planck's Constant (6.63x10-34J s)
Nobel Prize 1918
Close friends with Einstein - Established Professorship for him
Rejected Copenhagen Interpretation of QM
WWII
1905 Albert Einstein
(1879-1955)
Photoelectric Effect Nobel Prize - 1921
Special Relativity
Fled Germany before WWII
Manhattan Project
1911 Ernest Rutherford
(1858-1947)
Rutherford Model Father of Nuclear Physics
1908 Nobel Prize for radioactive half-life
First to split the atom
Rutherfordium (Element 104) named after him
Theorized the existance of Neutrons
1913 Niels Bohr
(1858-1947)
Bohr Model of the Atom Nobel Prize 1922
Bohr-Einstein Debates about QM
Manhattan Project
Heisenberg Mentor
1926 Louis de Broglie
(1892-1987)
Wave-Particle Duality Nobel Prize 1929
De Broglie Model
1927 Werner Heisenberg
(1901-1976)
Uncertainty Principle

Nobel Prize 1932
WW II
1926 Erwin Schrödinger
(1887-1961)
Statistical Model - Wave Functions Nobel Prize - 1933
Schrödinger Cat
Rejected Copenhagen Interpretation of QM
Two wives!
1926 Wolfgang Pauli
(1900-1958)
Pauli Exclusion Principle (Spin Quantum Number) Nobel Prize - 1945
Pauli effect (amusing)
Crazy - Jung Dream Analysis
1911-1933 Solvay Conferences-Photo's of many famous scientists
General Information: Introduction to Quantum Mechanics
Current Views: Wave-Particle Duality
More coming soon!